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Hello Folks !

I am not gonna tell you why we should read and why not. But I am gonna help to choose books from where to start. Here is a list of 100 books you must read in next 5 years or in your lifetime.

This is the list of combine genres – Self Help, Personal Development, Start ups, Biographies of Legends and some Fictional stories. Of course this is my very personal choice and which I usually prefer to read. Rathar I would say everyone must read them once.

Please download the free pdf of books list and wishing Happy Reading to you !

Love,

Preeti.

Sacred Places

Sacred Places

Sites of Spirituality and Faith

By Rebecca Hind

A beautifully illustrated journey to ancient sites that have been reversed for centuries, Sacred Places is a rich melting pot of destinations for those interested in the epicentres of religion and spirituality around the world. Interfaith in scope, the book relates the influences that make each site so historically and culturally significant and explores how a combination of natural landscape, man – built edifices and artistic endeavours converge to make the sacred manifest.

The author of this book Rebecca Hind was an artist to the Sacred Land project, a scheme to conserve, enhance and develop Britain’s sacred sites and to the Alliance of religions and conservation. The author of “1000 Faces of God” and “Scared Journeys”, Rebecca used to teach life drawing and art workshops at Oxford College.

A chapter on “The Americas” explores ancient Mayan temples as well as the natural landscapes of the Grand Canyon and Niagara Falls, revered by native American tribes. In ‘Europe” you will discover the enigmatic stone circles of Carnac in France and Castlerigg in England, along with such cathedrals as Notre Dame of Chartres and Santiago de Compostela in Spain. “Africa and the Middle East” celebrates the epicentres of Jedeo – Christian and Islamic religions, from the Al – Dayr at Petra in Jordan, built by the Nabateans and Ma’alula in Syria, where residents still speak Aramaic, to Bethlehem and Damascus. The breathtaking Jain temple at Ranakpur and the Golden temple at Amritsar are some of the sites to be found in the “Asia” chapter. Adam’s peak in Sri Lanka and the Shinto – Buddhist temples in the Kii mountains of Japan are featured, as ate the Taoist monasteries in the Wudang mountains in China. In “Australasia and the Pacific”, Aboriginal cultural heritage sites are explored, including “dreaming places” such as Bungle Bungle in Purnululu National Park.

You must be excited to sense the destinations around the world and add it to your travelling list, here I am attaching the list in pdf format you can download it !

Happy Reading !

Love,

Preeti.

My Hand Embroidery Journey

The Art is in my genes ! My father was Botanist and Professor but by an artist at heart. My mother is an artist; she used to take art classes when I was in her womb. From that time I inherit hand embroidery art in me.  My grandmother, my aunts and all the ladies in my family are extremely art lovers and very fine embroidery artists. So I am no more exception to that ! I used to do small projects when I was in school, but lost touch in my growing up years.

After my graduation and practising as an Architect I was extremely busy and used to believe in fast life and instant results. But fortunately soon I realised that it won’t work in long term. I need to develop patience, peaceful mind, concentration, discipline and consistency. I know meditation is the way to achieve it but I chose “Hand Embroidery Art” as my meditation tool and my Resolution for 2019 year.  A yearly Resolution is now my tradition from 2015 and it really going bang on.

Intentionally I chose hand embroidery art as a creative resolution for 2019. I have completed projects more than a dozen. Yes, I learnt, it takes time to build anything great. Many people start things, then end up quitting soon after because they don’t see immediate results. Good things take time, stay on it, have patience and discipline.

I won’t write / tell you about basic stitches or guidelines, there are many experts in this, you can simply follow them. I am here to request you or motivate you to give a try on one simple hand embroidery project or any art form which you like ! it will give you an immense pleasure and self satisfaction of self creation. It is like a meditation.

I started with Taj Mahal project, yes of course Architect’s first love and first choice, then Mandala, traditional designs and so on…. I had developed my own colour scheme; from choosing colours to selecting design and making some design modifications. I thoroughly enjoyed the process for all of my projects. I am a fashion and textile enthusiast. I have designed all of projects for my own capsule collection. From Saree blouse to kurtas to my hand clutch, I have done many many projects and I am super happy and satisfied. Though it was my resolution 2019 and still I am continuing till date, hoping that I will go with this for rest of my life.

A lesson for a lifetime,

“Remember persistence overcomes everything … !!”

Love,

Preeti.

The Monk behind 108 Monasteries

With the cold winds whistling through the Trans Himalayan desert and temperature falling down to -50 degrees, the painters, sculptors, skilled artisans and artists from Chamba, Kullu, Kinnaur and Kashmir worked with a religious zeal under the guidance of the great Lotswana Rinchen Zangpo (958 – 1055 A.D. ) the chief priest and the Vajracharya of Tholing of the Guge Kingdom in Tibet.

They toiled day and night, adding a celestial dimension to the simple mud and stone monastic structures. They covered the walls with paintings depicting divine stories from the Buddha’s life, drew mystic mandalas and created heroic size succos of the Buddhist deities. As they built these magnificent monuments subjecting themselves to the harsh weather conditions, atop rocky cliffs and craggy faces of high mountains, where there were no roads and the building material was limited to mud and poplar wood. These ethereal mud edifices served as epicentres of the local art and culture of the religion and philosophy of the Vajrayana sect of Buddhism contributing greatly relics of India.

Ratna Badra, a young scholar, went to Vikramshila in Kashmir to study Sanskrit. On his return, he contributed immensely to the preservation of the Sanskrit Buddhist sutras by translating them into Bhoti, the language of the Tibetans. Thus, he earned the title “Lotsawa” (Translator) and came to be recognised as Lotsawa Rinchen Zangpo, who spread Buddhism in these parts and was the father of culture in Ladakh. He was a disciple of the famous Indian master Arishaa.

Rinchen Zangpo is believed to have constructed 108 Gompas, most popular among them being the Tabo monastery known as the Ajantha of the Himalaya in Spiti, where rare manuscripts, thankas, frescos and murals are well preserved. The others include the Lalung : the Alchi, located in Khalsi on the banks of the river Indus, Lamayuru Monastery, the Wanla, the Mangyu and the Sumda. Legend goes that while undertaking the divine task of building these monasteries overnight, inchen Zangpo carried withered willow sticks with him to different sites in Ladakh, Zangskar, Spiti, Kinnaur, Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh. Here he planted them and wherever the sticks sprang to life and turned green, a monastery was constructed.

A thousand winters have flown by since this great master attained Buddhahood, but, the sacred texts, art and culture of the Mahayana sect of Buddhism, are found even today only in these monasteries that are in India. The other noteworthy Buddhist temples built by him Tibet faced destruction in the hands of the invading Red Army in the 1950’s.

In 1983, the Dalai Lama performed the Kala Chakra ceremony for world peace at the Tabo Monastery.

The monasteries of Tabo and Alchi are recognised by UNESCO as World Heritage Site.

Love

Preeti.

Mossad

The secret service of any country is my personal favourite subject to read and study, may be its RAW, ISI, MI, MOSSAD, CIA  any other ,I am always in search of articles / books to read which tells the true stories of dangerous yet patriotic missions ever happened.

I have always fascination towards Israel, Israeli people, religion, country’s geography, sustainable technology development and extremely patriotism in each citizen. MOSSAD took me on another level and now I have more respect for them than before.

MOSSAD is a Israeli Secret service founded in 13 Dec. 1949 independence in 1948. This is the strongest security arm which has been widely recognised as the best intelligence service in the world. In MOSSAD authors Michael Bar – Zohar and Nissim Mishal take us behind the closed curtain with riveting, eye – opening, boots-on-the-ground accounts of the most dangerous, most crucial missions in the agencies’ 60 years history.

These are real, true missions: impossible stories brimming with high octane action – right from the breath-taking capture of Nazi executioner Adolph Eichmann to recent elimination of key Iranian nuclear scientists. If you are fascinated by the world of international espionage and covert “Black-ops” warfare, then you will definitely find that the MOSSAD makes for some electrifying reading.

After independence Ben Gurion ordered to establish an Institute (In Hebrew –MOSSAD) to co-ordinate state intelligence agencies and should be headed by Mr. Reuven Shiloh (first Ramsaad of Mossad – Head of Mossad). Its title would be eventually be changed to the Institute for Intelligence and special operations and its motto chosen from Proverb 11:14 “Without stratagems would a people fall and deliverance is in a wise counsel.” Then Ramsaad declared, “ Besides all the functions of secret service, we have another major task; to protect the Jewish people to Israel.” And indeed in the years following, MOSSAD would secretly help create self-defence units in places where Jewish communities were in all over the world.

Meir Dagan is my most favourite Ramsaad ever. Meir has the unique capacity to invent antiterrorist operations that look like movie thrillers. In his charge, MOSSAD did one of the most dangerous and successful operations and I think he is the one who made MOSSAD a strong on a global map. He was the bold, creative leader who would be a formidable weapon against Islamic terrorism and the Iranian reactor.

Grayevski – a MOSSAD spy, daring and dedicated. After world war II, he accidently got an copy Khrushchev’s speech in Russia for which world’s all agents were behind it, but failed miserably. Grayevski became the only MOSSAD agent to be decorated twice; by his own country, which he had served with devotion all his life; and by his country’s foe (Russia) whom he had misled and deceived, regardless of the risks. A reporter called him “the man who began the end of the Soviet Empire,” but Grayevski didn’t feel that way. “I am not a hero and I didn’t make history” he said. ‘The one who made history was Khruschev. I just met history for a couple of hours and then our ways parted.” He worked devotionally for Israel but misled the Soviets. He is the only agent who decorated twice by medal by motherland Israel and enemy country – Soviets. I think this is the lesson we must learn how to protect our country and defeat enemy but in grace.

One more mission in Syria, to rescue Jew girls of teenage. By hook or crook agents rescued those girls and immigrate in motherland Israel. “Costa Notra” was a group of four agents who rescued all girls from Syrian land by water way, road way and with major risks. The girls were strictly instructed not to say a single word how you arrived in Israel from Syria till the death.

After many years from this operation, one of agent Emmanuel Allon was invited to his relatives wedding and introduced to the bride. In a fraction of seconds Allon recognised her and asked her “where do you come from?” that girl was almost fainted due to the secret of her past. Allon said, “Didn’t you come from Syria? By sea?” The bride was stunned, grabbed him in her arms, kissed, hugged and she said, “it was you. You took me out of that hell.”

Later years, Allon said, “that was worth all the risks we took”. And hence its truly proved that all the citizens of my country are my brothers and sisters wherever they are in the world.

And here comes the story of a famous spy of MOSSAD and my very much personal favourite hero – Elie Cohen. What can I say about him? Who sacrified his life, family, personal life just to serve his motherland Israel. I will always fall short of words to say about him as I am now. Because of him Israel won one of the war against Syria. Just “HIM” a single handle person. He entered in Syrian system and won their trust, provided all the information to Israeli handlers. Even his family, his wife did not know about his job. They came to know when he got arrested in Syria. After his arrest MOSSAD took utmost care of his family. Hired best lawyers and tried every possible way to rescue him, but nothing worked. He was beaten, tortured and given the electric shocks but he never said a word till die, of course that he pledged to do with his country. He got hung in the square of market place in Damascus in 1965. His family was watching him in news live. His mother, brother, wife and children everyone collapsed, but at the same time they were very much proud of their hero. His mother touched him for the last time when he appeared on TV screen. Even today, after 46 years of Elie’s death, Syria refuses to return his body for burial in Israel. MOSSAD handler’s pointless, reckless demands of every transmission, daily reports made him run unnecessary risks and his led his life to death. The last letter he wrote to his wife –

My dear Nadia, my dear family,

I am writing to you these last words, hoping that you’ll remain united forever. I ask my wife to forgive me, to take care of herself and give a good education to our children……. My dearest Nadia, you may remarry, so that our children will have a father. You are absolutely free in that respect. I ask you not to mourn the past but turn to future. I am sending you my last kisses.

Please pray for my soul.

Yours,

Elie.

I cried a lot after reading his story. He is going to be my personal favourite hero for a lifetime.

For the most famous “Wrath of God” mission you have to read the book. That’s an amazing true inspirational story. I salute to each and every agent of every secret service for their sacrifices, daring and patriotism.

Sometimes the missions to bring home a nation’s own are the most meaningful…!!

Love,

Preeti.

Not Without My Daughter

Not Without My Daughter

Betty Mahmoody with William Hoffer

I am a feminist girl; I love to support and encourage other women. I think that’s the only thing we women really need. I love to listen life stories of women and even I try to catch or take initiative to talk to them and find out their life story. May be a housewife, teacher, doctor, a lady from rural village and many more, each one have some story to tell. I always love to celebrate womanhood! May be because of I am born on Women’s Day, I have that little extra thing for women.

When I was in school in 8th grade I read this book – Not Without My Daughter. A true life story of a lady, Mrs. Betty Mahmoody and her daughter. The new chapter of her life started in America in 1984 when she fell in love with her Physio Therapist doctor, Dr. Sayyed Bozorg Mahmoody (Moody) who was Iranian. They both have a four year old daughter Mahtob. They were a happy family living in the States. For a holiday they came to Iran form the USA to meet Moody’s family. She was in frame of mind to return to the USA after two weeks holiday but her husband Moody turned into a devil and this mother daughter became prisoners in Iran.

Betty was horrified by the squalor of Iranian’s living conditions, she was in great shock after seeing a country where women are merely chattels and Westerners are despised. They two became the prisoners of an alien culture, hostages of an increasingly tyrannical and violent man. She was very much desperate to return to the States but conditions were much worst for her. After spending almost two years with that psycho husband and horrified foreign land, she decided to escape this country with her daughter. Betty began to try to arrange an escape. Evading Moody’s sinister spy network, she secretly met sympathisers opposed to Khomeini’s savage regime. But every scheme that was suggested to her meant leaving Mahtob behind forever…………. but Betty was not ready to leave Mahtob and she firmly decided, if she is escaping from Iran then “Not Without Her Daughter”.

Eventually Betty was given the name of a man who would plan their perilous route out of Iran, a journey that few women or childish had ever made. Their nightmare attempt to return home began in a bewildering snowstorm. She started her journey from Tehran Iran by road towards Ankara Turkey. She travelled by bus to the Kurdish region, as she absolutely handed her life on that stranger’s plan. Blindly she trusted those refugees to cross the border. For a whole night she ride on a horse in steep mountains almost in minus temperature. After five days she arrived in Ankara, Turkey. It was 3 o’clock in midnight when she was requesting at hotel to stay till morning as embassy opens but each and every hotel denied.

Betty and Mahtob were hungry, tired, body was in trauma, wounded, sleepy and still eagerly waiting for morning. Both had some American Breakfast after years and immediately off to Embassy of United States of America. Finally she was a step behind her freedom; she completed her formalities and requested to board the first flight out.

At last Betty says, –

As we waited, mahtob found – or someone gave her – crayons. She busied herself with them. She had finished and then showed me the picture she had drawn. –

At the top of the page was a golden – yellow sun. In the background were four rows of brown mountains. In the foreground was a sailboat, reminiscent of our home in Alpena. Off to one side was an airplane or a bird. Drawn in black was a typical Kurdish house, like many we had seen along the way. She had added bullets holes in the walls. In the centre was a red, white and blue flag, waving in the wind. In black crayon mahtob had printed a word, emanating from the flag.

Although she had printed neatly, i could barely read the single word because of the tears that now flowed freely from my eyes. In childish letters Mahtob had scrawled:

A M E r I C A

 

Love,

Preeti.

Think & Grow Rich !

I first read this book in 2015 and I really don’t know the count, how many times I have re-read this masterpiece in last five years. Definitely I am gonna read it ‘n’ number of times in my lifetime. To be honest this book taught me how to deal with depression, personal growth, financial management, focus on life, key to success and “LIFE” ! This is the masterpiece of self – motivation book and reference book for the thing called life.

One of my most favourite writers Dr. Napoleon Hill is an American, who had a long successful career writing, teaching and lecturing about the principles of success. He is the cornerstone of modern motivation; his work stands as a monument to individual achievement.

When I started reading this for the first time, unknowingly I started accepting principles and started self thinking, tacking my problems from small to big and finding solutions were very easy because of Dr. Hill’s ideas. I became more disciplined person. Discipline in my lifestyle, food habits, work place, personal work, financial status and I can notice my personal growth in last five years. I have actually drafted my own CV as Dr. Hill had described in this book and prepared for my interview. Trust me I got job with much appreciation at interview and things went much smooth and well than my expectation.

Last four month of 2017 was worst days of my life and I was in depression for longer period. My family asked me to take help of consultant but I denied. In that depression phase I read this book continuously for three times and I kick started my life like a badass. This book was my consultant, guide, philosopher, mirror, friend, motivational dose and so on…… This has sorted my life, focusing on my definite life purpose and taught me to be determined and patient until goal achieve.

Few quotes from book which are on my Pin board –

  • If mother nature bends to the will of a burning desire, is it logical to think that mere human beings can defeat one ?
  • Riches begin in the form of Thought ! The amount is limited only by the person in whose mind the Thought is put into motion. Faith removes limitations.
  • I am the master of my Fate; I am the Captain of my soul.
  • It will not be difficult to detect in the story of the declaration of Independence at least six of these principles: DESIRE, DECISION, FAITH, PERSISTENCE, THE MASTER MIND AND ORGANISED PLANNING.
  • If you believe yourself unfortunate because you have loved and lost, perish the thought. One who has loved truly can never lose entirely. Love is whimsical and temperamental. Its nature is ephemeral and transitory. It comes when it pleases and goes away without warning. Accept and enjoy it while it remains, but spend no time worrying about its departure. Worry will never bring it back.

 

Preeti

My Inspiration – Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam

Happy New Year to everyone! kicking off 2020 with my eternal love – BOOKS.

Reading is my love. Every time I decide to read one book a week at least but due to some unavoidable reasons I couldn’t. But this year I am going to pull it off.

Starting with my favourite one, the world renowned scientist, and great human being, missile man of India, former President and highest civil order “Bharatratna” APJ Abdul Kalam sir’s books are behind my inspiration. Who don’t love gifts ? and when books are being gifted to me I am the happiest person in the world. On my last birthday my best friend, my strength Kuldeep gifted me – Indomitable Spirit, You Are Unique and You Are Born Blossom….. Take my journey beyond by Dr. Kalam sir. I have read them twice and I may read them once again. I have compiled his thoughts in this post, may be inspirational to you too.

 

Book 1 – Indomitable Spirit

This book is a compilation of his addresses at various universities, colleges, institutes where he shared his personal experiences, choices and he buried a seed of vision in young generation of India. He says “what would you like to be remembered for? You have to evolve yourself and shape your life. You should write it on a page. That page may be very important page in the book of human history. And you will be remembered for creating that one page in the history of the nation – whether that page of innovation or the page of discovery or the page of fighting injustice.”

  • If only the real sense of education could be realised by each individual with the guidance of the teacher and carried forward in every field of human activity the world will be so much better place to live in.
  • Creativity is the foundation of human thinking and will always be at the highest end of the value chain irrespective of the growth of computers with respect to speed and memory. Creativity will continue to be the forte of human kind and enormous computing power provided by technology would be the effective tool that the human mind will use to craft its plans to create a better world to live in.
  • Give one hour a day exclusively for books reading and you will become a knowledge centre in a few years.
  • If India is to become developed by 2020, it will do so only by riding on the shoulders of the young.
  • On women empowerment, Mahakavi Subramaniya Bharatiar composed one poem in 1910 which envisioning women of India.

She walks with raised head, with her eyes looking straight,

She has her principles, Unafraid of anybody,

She has a lofty and knowledge based pride, such cultured women,

Don’t falter from chosen path, she drives ignorance away.

She welcomes the bliss of life, with learned mind,

This is the Dharma of emerging women.

 

  • A digital library provides equitable access to knowledge to all the people, irrespective of place, caste, creed, colour or economic status.
  • Enlightened citizenship has three components: education with value system, religion transforming into spiritual force and creating economic prosperity through development.

 

Book 2 – You Are Unique

This book draws an unforgettable blue print of success for all. One lesson that shimmers from every page of this book is hope.

A message of spirituality, honesty, being unselfish and the value of giving emerge from these pages as from his life. The world has changed and there is a need for awakening together the head and the heart. While poems touch the heart and leave a deep impression, his prose leads you to think how to go beyond the rock walls of conditioning, perceptions and prejudices to achieve success and fulfilment. Clearly presented thoughts, in You Are Unique, become our inspiration and constant companion, flashing upon the inward eye’ at our decision making, vision creating as well as ordinary moments of life. Visually appealing, illuminating, dotted with his simple and charming experiences of life, you will love to read this book again and again.

 

Book 3 – You Are Born To Blossom ……….. take my journey beyond.

This book presents the dream of Dr. Kalam for schools in India at 2020 as symbolic nerve centres connecting teachers, students and community. The book uses the metaphor of a tree to describe the process of knowledge bearing fruits of prosperity in the contemporary globalised world where different, phases, formative, adult working life and post 50 experienced senior citizens, call for different kinds of learning.

  • In 2005, when he discussed the education with abbot of the Enchey Monastery, Sikkim, who recited Kalama Sutra –

“I will teach you the truth and the path leading to the truth. It is proper for you to doubt….. do not go by report… do not go by tradition….. do not go by hearsay. Human life is just like a mountain river, flowing far and swift, taking everything along with it; there is no moment, no instant, no second when it stops flowing, but it goes on flowing and continuing. Rely not on theory, but on experience.

 

I request everyone, please go and read his books, it will change your life forever !!!

Love,

Preeti.

Old University – Nalanda Mahavihara

The first and largest Buddhist Monastery built in India is Nalanda, most popularly acknowledged Mahavihara of ancient India located in ancient Magadha kingdom now its Bihar state. It was a learning centre from 7th century and widely known as one of the early universities of India. Students and scholars from China, Korea, Central Asia and Tibet studies in this Mahavihara, where Mahayana, Hirayana, Sanskrit, Vedas and samkhya used to taught. Gautam Buddha delivered lectures in mango grove called as ‘Pavarika’ and Jain Tirthankar Mahavir also stayed here for many years.

The Nalanda was originally was a village and in 5th century emperor Kumargupta I of Gupta Dynasty laid a foundation stone of Mahavihara. During the Gupta period expansions and development including building new temples and monasteries took place by the reigns of his successors till 12th century. During the post Gupta period emperor Purnavarman continues to build pavilion structures in the campus of about 65 acres. By the time Buddhism were deeply rooted in many parts of Asia and Nalanda spread up like banyan tree.

Hieun Tsang also known as Xuanzang was a Chinese Buddhist monk, scholar, translator and traveller who started the first communication between India – China. He took up education in Buddhist studies, Sanskrit, logic and grammar and later on he was expertise to deliver lectures at Nalanda. He carried 657 Buddhist texts, mostly of Mahayana with him while travelling back to China. Most of the texts were translated by him. Around 15 travellers from China and Korea travelled to Nalanda being inspired from him.

I–tsing was another Chinese Buddhist monk. He spent 10 years in Nalanda and translated about 400 Sanskrit texts in Chinese and bought back with him. The disciplinary lessons given by him mostly focus on the practice of the Buddha religion in India, briefing of the traditions, rules, norms and customs followed by monks of Nalanda. He mentioned about the daily schedule of the monks that included an array of rites meant for all starting from the bathing hour to ablution Lord Buddha to perfoming Chaitya Vandana in evening that included chanting of Shlokas and hymns.

These two were considered to be the first foreign students studied in India.

Nalanda was an architectural miracle of that time; today it is in dilapidated condition with some remaining excavated ruins spread over 12 hectares. Remaining of 10 temples, 8 individual compounds, classrooms, meditation halls, parks and residential schools with dormitories can accommodate more than 2,000 teachers and 10,000 students during its prime. Now, students from far off places including China, Japan, Turkey, Persia, Korea, Tibet and Indonesia attend at Mahavihara. According to Tibetan conventional sources, Nalanda houses a big library called ‘Dharmaganja’ (Piety Mart) that encompassed three multi – storey edifices called ‘Ratnaranjaka’ (Jewel – adorned), ‘Ratnadadhi’ (sea of jewels) and ‘Ratnasagaral’ (ocean of jewels). Collections of the library included religious manuscript and texts on medicines, astronomy, astrology, logic and literature.

In 1200 CE. Nalanda faced declination as Muslim Mamluk Dynasty destroyed it. In 19th century Archaeological Survey of India brought light on to it and excavated 6 brick temples, 11 monasteries. Several antiques including inscriptions, coins, sculptures and seals were found. After a visit you will wondered of this UNESCO World Heritage Site for its magnificent scale.

 

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Dreamy Hampi Empire

If you are on a solo trip in search of inspiration, Hampi is the place of peace and filled with air of enthusiasm. Hampi is a tiny village located on the banks of Tungabhadra River and Group of Monuments scattered on broad acres. It is counted as most ancient village and amongst the largest and most prosperous cities of the world during its period of power and vigour. Hapmi remained an integral part of the capital city of Vijayanagar Empire in 13th – 15th century AD. Being located in a strategically favourable position river on one side and hilly terrains surrounding the other. It is a place og bold boulders, carved temples, superior buildings of civil and military, grand stables, high watch towers within the fortification walls.

Krishnadevrai, King of Vijayanagar initiated building up structures from his own residence and Darbar – an official gathering place and later on other structures were added.

We Indians believe that the Lord Shiva is the creator of universe and life. Being patron deity of Hampi, the main temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva i.e. Virupaksha Temple. Highly decorated ‘Gopuram’ – an entrance gateway to the temple is a unique feature of Dravidian style and only seen in South Indian temple complexes. This Dravidian architecture has perfect geometrical plan and section. “Laxmi” is an elephant of VirupakshaTemple, she will bless you for a coin or some fruits.

BadaviLinga is the largest monolithic Linga measuring 3 feet, it is a statue form of Lord Shiva. A water channel is linked to the sanctum of the Linga which always remains submerged in water.

The most beautiful and famous part of Hampi is Vitthala Temple complex. Temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, built in 15th century AD is an architectural gem that consists of wondrously created musical pillared halls, pavilions and other small temples. The most notably the colossal stone chariot which is an iconic.

Lotus Mahal or ChitranginiMahal located in the Zanana Enclosure. This is meant for the queen and other royal ladies to spend quality time. The palace outlooks as one of finest example of Indo – Islamic architecture with the base of typifying Vijayanagar style while upper pyramidal towers depicting Islamic architectural style.

Queen’s Bath is the most private place built for the bath which is highly decorated, most comfortable and advanced techniques were used for water supply. Military buildings were built for storage and trade purposes, storage of weapons, grains, etc. Elephant stable is the most attractive eight compartment structure. The alternate square and hexagonal base dome construction is so superior in large stones and calcium mortar. Pointed arches, domes, symmetrical planning are the impressions of Mughal style.

The number of religious buildings like Achyutraya Temple, Chandramauleshwara Temple, Jain Temple, Krishna Temple, Vitthala and Virupaksha Temple are the major temple complexes. Along the entrances of temples, specific trade structures are avail. There were trades of gold, silver, precious stones – gems, metallic pottery and ladies ornaments. Trade were the major economic source of that time.

Hampi is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and Karnataka government and UNESCO are collaboratively working on conservation of this 600 acres heritage village. The most visited and lovable tourist destination, 3 – 4 days will not that enough to explore Hampi.

P.S. – New York Times enlisted Hampi as a 2nd  “Must See Global Destination” !!!

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